Galicia – The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, also known as Galicia or Austrian Poland. For a historical background see an excellent essay of Oleg Yakovenko How Rusyns disappeared and Ukrainian chauvinism was born, originally published by Regrum new agency.
If you can’t open the link, here is the mirror
Instead of the epigraph:
“We (Poland-IA REGNUM) could find a place as the Reich’s allay almost the same as Italy and, for sure, better than Hungary or Romania.
In the end, we would be in Moscow, where Adolf Hitler with Rydz-Śmigły officiating the parade of the victorious Polish-German troops” Paweł Piotr Wieczorkiewicz
Second instead of the epigraph:
“The destiny of Poland was then in the hands of Napoleon, and it may be said with truth that on the destiny of Poland depended the security and peace of Europe.”
“In the earlier part of July 1812, when the victorious armies of Napoleon have occupied Wilna, and threatened to annihilate the throne of the Czars, the Polish nation cherished the hope of recovering its former grandeur.” pp 1
“Poland forms a strong outwork against the Russian Colossus.” History of the Late Polish Revolution: And the Events of the Campaign by Joseph Hordynski (Józef Hordynski)
In six-minute video that I translated and subtitled for thesaker.is titled: Warsaw changed her mind and let the US to bend her over, Ruslan Ostashko gives a biting comment on the ruling class of Poland attempts to milk Germany for the WWII occupation. Left out, of course, was the settlements brokered by Joseph Stalin in which Poland was paid for its wartime loses. Also left out was the fact that Poland had occupied Russia’s territories invaded in 1918 for twenty years, and that Poland and German divided and occupied Czechoslovakia.
World War II was started in October 1938 after the Munich agreement signed by Britain, France, Germany, and Italy on September 29-30, 1938.
More dates and links to sources here, Tell Trump the Soviet Union didn’t invade Poland in September 1939
In October 1938 Germany and Poland invaded Czechoslovakia and started its occupation. But neither Russia nor Czechoslovakia had never accused Poland of war crimes and never demanded any reparations. Instead, Stalin gave Poland parts of the Soviet Union and mineral rich provinces of Germany, which were promptly ethnically cleaned by the Poles, a process for which now they and some misinformed Germans blame Russia.
Under the non-aggression agreement between the USSR and Germany (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact), Bialystok was returned to Russia and became a city in Soviet Belarus. Belostok and the region that used to be a part of Russia, became a part of Prussia for some time, and became a part of the Russian Empire in 1807 as a result of the Treaties of Tilsit after Russia defeated the united European armies of Napoleon. In this war, Poland fought against Russia as Napoleon’s ally.
For more general information on The Treaties of Tilsit in English:
In the summer of 1944, during the Bialystok operation, Soviet troops liberated the city of Grodno, and Bialystok at the same time.
In September 1944, Stalin granted the entire Belostok (Bialystok) region to Poland with its population. Later, in 1945 Poland received from the Soviet Union even more gifts: large areas of Kholmshchyna (Polish: Chełmszczyzna, Russian: Холмщина) Lemkivshchyna, also known as Lemkovyna, Podlachia or Podlasie.
We gave the Poles a lot of real estate and property. The relevant agreement was drawn and signed for 20 years. In 1965 it was extended for another 20. And in 1985, it seems to be forgotten. I have never heard any claims from Russia’s side, even so countries with territorial problems shouldn’t be allowed to become a part of the European Union. Needless to say, we never experienced any gratitude or a “good” neighbor attitude from Poland.
Another agreement between the USSR and Poland of 06.07.45 was on mutual exchange of populations. About 500 thousand Ukrainians, Belarusians, Lithuanians, Rusyns (Lemkiv), and Jews returned to the USSR, and over 1 million Poles returned to Poland. The difference was again in favor of Poland; it received more than 500 thousand people. Interestingly, were these Poles also included into a 27 million loss figure by the Soviet Union? It could be because before the war they all lived in the Soviet Union and counted as a part of its population. As a result, the Poles did what some call genocide or ethnic cleansing and created a mono-ethnic state. By the way, before the war, Bialystok was absolutely a Jewish city, there were no Poles there…
If the Soviet Union was the “Evil Empire” and WWII ended with the partition of Poland as the official propaganda claims, why then did Poland received so much territory with their population after the war?
On one other hand, the territories that Poland received from the USSR and Germany made Poles look like victims that were compensated, while in fact they were the original aggressors along with Germany. But it was only Germany that was made by everyone else the scapegoat. I am not even touching here the issue of Poles fighting against the Red Army after we defeated the German Army on the territory of Poland. The Ministry of Defense of Russia recently released plethora of original classified documents like combat reports, intelligence reports, certificates, forms and telegrams, proving that the Red Army was very loyal to the people of Poland during the campaign for the liberation of the country from Nazi occupation.
For example, from the Report of the 7 Department of political administration of the 1st Belarusian front follows that Warsaw residents were very happy arrival of the Red Army and expressed gratitude for “liberation from Nazi slavery.”
The current authorities ruling Poland see our common history, present and future in a completely different way.
Ostashko’s brilliant comment makes you laugh and shake your head in disbelief about stupidity of the Psheks. However, there is something amiss in his view of the situation. Located in Russia, he might not be fully aware about all the intricacies of the US domestic and foreign policies that often remain unspoken. When Ostashko says that the president of Poland went to meet the mayor of Chicago, because Trump refused to see him, and that Illinois has a large Polish diaspora, Ostashko doesn’t connect the dots.
First, Illinois has the biggest and oldest Polish diaspora. Second, most immigrates in the US have double citizenships, and they vote in the presidential elections of the US presidents and the presidents of their “old” countries.
See, for example the following quotation:
” MOST OF THE WHITE MEN who dominated American politics until the 1970s came from neighborhoods whose features, such as ethnic composition or historical landmarks, meant something, both locally and to a national assembly. For young Dan Rostenkowski, a community of mostly first- and second-generation Polish immigrants shaped his background and values.”
“The Rostenkowskis served a local community that was more deeply conscious of its immigrant ancestry and religion than its political affiliation or influence. The Poles were “one of the most culturally bonded, in-group peoples to be found anywhere,” according to a study of Chicago’s diverse ethnic groups. But their “greater sense of wholeness than most ethnic groups” came at the price of “diminished influence in the wider non-Polish community.” Most of the first generations of Poles were poor, and their separate language made it difficult for them to blend into the larger urban population. Consequently, despite their status as the largest ethnic group in the Chicago polyglot, they failed to secure their share of power in the city at large.”
“Polonia, as the Polish-American community termed its new nation, was first settled in the 1850s. But it did not gain significant size until about 1890, when it counted 40,000 local residents among Chicago’s 250,000 total population. These Poles grew to 250,000 by 1903 and to more than 400,000 by the end of the 1920s, when U.S. restrictions slowed the gushing immigration to a trickle.”
From the book Rostenkowski: The Pursuit of Power and the End of the Old Politics written by Richard E. Cohen
The rest you can find here http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/c/cohen-rostenkowski.html
Andrzej Duda came to the US to meet with HIS voters, who are also capable of influencing the US domestic and foreign policies.
But, this is not all.
I suspect that when Radosław Sikorski complained about giving the Americans guys a blow job for nothing, he meant an actual sexual act. He wasn’t expressing his outrage, as Ostashko thinks, of Washington having its way with the ruling class of Poland.
When it comes to the Poland authorities, their behavior in Brussels, there relations with Washington, and attitude towards Moscow, there is an elephant in the room here that no one is talking about. It’s an unusually high concentration of people with Polish and Galician roots in the US government and especially in the multiple intelligence and law enforcement agencies. I think it’s fair to estimate the percentage of Poles and former Galicians actively involved in staging and “investigation” of their psyop operation titled “Trump Russia collusion” is close to 85%.
Take as a non-scientific research a brief look at the list of ICE agents published by Wikileaks and containing of about 9243 profiles published here: https://ice.wikileaks.org/
Just looking at the surnames with the use of the following resource: https://culture.pl/en/article/a-foreigners-guide-to-polish-surnames
we can find dozens of Polish surnames on just as many pages.
Jonathan Markowsky, Law Clerk as in Markowski (feminine: Markowska, plural: Markowscy) is a Polish surname.
Tonya Stuber. Last name Stuber is historically found in Austro-Hungarian empire and Poland.
Joseph M. Finck, MA, BS, Office of Professional Responsibility, Inspections and Compliance Specialist – GS 1801
The last name Finck has old Polish roots.
Rachael Zarlinski, a name associated with Catholic and Polish roots.
Melissa Shanahan, Shanahan is yet another last name associated with Poland.
Laura Bortnick: Bortnick- Galicia (Poland)
Matthew Wilchek, a Research Analyst. Wilchek
Peggy Gaethke, the surname originates in Eastern Prussian Provinces, Germany or Poland.
Benjamin Buchta, DHS / ICE Recruiter. 20 plus years in Federal Law Enforcement.
Kent Stejskal, Law Clerk for the Hon. Jeffrey L. Bushur. Stejskal
Lance Lueck, CFCI: Lueck origin from Prussia or Poland
Jovonia Goetz, Assistant Director of Human Resources
Antoni Jan Goetz (also Antoni Jan Goetz-Okocimski) (December 17, 1895 in Kraków – October 31, 1962 in Nairobi), was a Polish industrialist, politician and activist. In the 1930s he was the sole owner of the Okocim Brewery in Brzesko, Poland. He was a delegate to the Sejm (parliament) of the Second Polish Republic.
Brian Sherota, Acting Chief of Staff – Homeland Security Investigations, Office of the Executive Associate Director
Sherota is a Ukrainian Uniat cult member surname.
A surname Sherota is also found on the board of trustees of Polish American Club Polonia Columbus.
Peter Fellenz, Deportation Officer.
A surname Fellenz also has German or Polish roots. SS Sturmbannfuehrer Martin Fellenz, Served in Police headquarters and the SS in Krakow, Poland.
Kat Danziger, Associate Legal Advisor
The Danziger Höhe was an administrative district in Germany founded in 1887 and dissolved in 1939. The region was given to Poland after the WWII and called Gdańsk.
Stephen Antkowiak, PMP, Nicholas Maravich and others.
More names here
I won’t bother you with a list of pro-Polish NGOs in the US. Take just the Polish American Congress. In its mission statement the organization states “On the international scene, we must exert a leadership role in helping Poland achieve its goals.”
In Canada the most prominent Galician is Chrystia Freeland, a Foreign Minister of Canada.
A groundbreaking investigation conducted by John Helmer of the Freeland’s family history is here
On Freeland’s latest adventures in diplomacy and attempts to influence Donald Trump read here:
Freeland is not allowed to set foot on the territory of Russia.
* * *
When two FBI agents, both of Polish descent, JOE PIENTKA and FBI Special Agent PETER STRZOK, interviewed General Flynn, a National Security Advisor to U.S. President Donald Trump, on Jan. 24, 2017 about his conversation with former Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, they apparently altered his deposition to frame him. For more broad background of their involvement in framing General Flynn see here
Were these two acting as the Hillary fans, as everyone assumes, or a part of the Deep State force, as some suspect, or as a part of the government of Poland ongoing campaign to influence the USA domestic and foreign policies? In my view, the latter is more likely.
In this case, the task of restoration of American sovereignty lays in the hands of Poles working in the US intelligence. What can go wrong?
In the “Russia collusion” psyop, everywhere we look we see the Poles and the Zombies of Galicia that are besieging Trump. Is Duda aware of this? Of course he is. That’s why he feels comfortable attacking two of the world’s biggest nations, Russia and Germany, located on both sides of Poland.
Using Ostashko’s colorful language, is not Poland that kisses American ass: it’s that Poland is pretending to do what Washington demands from them, while at the same time conducting a massive intelligence psyop against the US president across multiple intelligence and government agencies.
What looks from outside as Warsaw’s defeat resulting in cancelation a criminal liability for accusations of Poles in murders of Jews, also it is not what it seems. It was an attempt of the Polish authorities, the pro-Poland lobby in Washington, and Israel to force Germany to pay-up cash for something Germany had already paid.
In April 2015, John Helmer publishing a very interesting information that went absolutely unnoticed by Russian journalists.
Here is a quote from his article: SO LONG SIKLEBAUM – POLAND UNDER US PRESSURE OVER FAILURE OF WAR AGAINST EASTERN UKRAINE, RUSSIA
“Sources in Warsaw say they suspect officials in the US and Israeli governments of threatening to revive a campaign claiming $65 billion in compensation from Poland and other European governments for losses of life and property caused to their Jewish nationals during the war. The project, launched in 2011, is called the Holocaust Era Asset Restitution Taskforce (HEART). It is based in Israel, headed by Rafi Eitan, the Mossad agent directing espionage against the US in the 1980s. In Milwaukee HEART has been managed by a Democratic Party consultant called Bruce Arbit and his A.B. Data company who have run several earlier Jewish restitution campaigns. HEART was suddenly suspended last July, without explanation.
In Warsaw, according to Polish sources, officials believe it would be a small price to pay to allow more US troops into the country and spend more on the war against Russia than to risk having to pay the bill for Operation HEART. The Siklebaums are among them, the sources say.”
“Siklebaums” or Sikorski and Applebaum husband and wife team, were booted out of Poland with disgrace. The new nationalistic government decided on a “great,” from their point of view, scheme to rip Germans off, by adopting a new criminal punishment for stating factual truth about Poland’s collaboration with the Nazis. Using this new “law” as a lever, Warsaw demanded from Germany to pay $300 billion. $65 billion of which would be paid to the global Israel shysters operating from Milwaukee, and the rest would stay in Poland.
The plan would work perfectly, if Hillary Clinton were the president of the US. Shunning Duda and loudly demanding him to go back on the new “law,” another Trump classic move that was enthusiastically met by idiots Demonocrats, was actually directed against their pro-Poland anti-Trump base in the intelligence community and, simultaneously, protecting Germany. Merkel might be very pleased. We know that some Russians had a Schadenfreude moment to see Poland get stuck paying the blackmailers off. Some of us might be happy to see General Flynn, an innocent man framed by the Psheks, vindicated.
It wouldn’t surprise me, if the US will end up paying this ransom to Poland, so Poland will pay it to Israel, in return for the Pentagon occupation.
We will see.
In this juncture, Washington giving up two FBI agents, both Polish in a disclosure of them to be devoted Hillary followers who framed an innocent American military officer could be a part of Washington negotiation strategy.
the Director of Research and Development
My research of the war on Donbass is available at the saker.community book store
The War on Donbass, which is called by the Western politicians and media the “Russian aggression in Ukraine” was a staged psyop.
My illustrated investigation titled Pokémon in Ukraine reveals how this psyop was staged, by whom and why.
“In October 1938 Germany and Poland invaded Czechoslovakia and started its occupation.” I think it’s more accurate to say that Poland occupied the area rather than invaded it because I don’t think any shots were fired in the process. The Poles basically forced out the German patrols that were already in the area and took it for themselves once the Czechs had been abandoned by the “Allies” in the Munich Agreement. I don’t say this to excuse Polish actions at all but rather to clarify.
I love this line: “$65 billion of which would be paid to the global Israel shysters operating from Milwaukee, and the rest would stay in Poland.” My question with reparations is always, “How much is enough?” With Jewish demands, the answer seems to always be “More, more, more!” Where are the reparations for Palestinians forced from their homes and murdered by the Israelis in the ongoing genocide? But the fact that Poland is willing to side with them just to get their cut shows that nations can be as greedy as people.
in my comment from few days ago
i raised a serious question:
“and most important question is:
Were those perpertrators ethnic Poles or just citizens of Poland?
Could they have been ethnic Lithuanians or ethnic Germans?
it is always said: Slovak troops were part of the invading troops in 1941.
But were they ethnic Slovaks or from the 15% ethnic Hungarian minority in Slovakia?
then Scott gives us a list of clearly German names
“Danziger, Fellenz, Goetz, Lueck, Gaethke, Wilchek, Finck, Stuber”
Thx Scott for clarifying things for us.
When I hear “Russian investigation” and “Russian collusion” and see no Russian names involved, I feel the same outrage,
You are right.
We have to take a closure look at those who actually drove ethnic cleansings. We know, for example, the family history of Bandera and Shukhevych, who were Rabbinical Talmudists baptized into Uniat or Greek-Catholic as they call it. Both were born in Galicia and were involved into inventing a factitious nation called “Ukrainians.” The BBC now runs a podcast called “how the nations are invented.” Among invented nations they list Germany, Belgium, and Netherlands, but not two most notorious invented nations that we are discussion here.
Millions of people were taken from Europe and brought to the US by cataclysms befallen Europe in 20 century. Now, their children and grandchildren after establishing themselves in the Mordor-like structures of the US state are fighting what they perceive being their grandfathers’ and fathers’ war using the US resources.
The US history divided into periods distinct by the ethnic and national interests of groups in power. The German influx driven post-war industrialization, was very different from the Talmudists/Trotskists driven de-industrialization and monetization of economy and politics of the 90s till present. Now, when its all falling apart, we have the rise of the Easter Europeans like Poles, the Galicians that call themselves “Ukrainians,” and the converted to Rabinical Talmudism Eastern European Slaves that call themselves “Jews.” Their idee fixe and a sole reason for their existence for centuries was a war against Russia by any means.
I fully agree with you. All generalizations are just being used to confuse the public. Looking at the historical background of people driving the neo-Bolsheviks politics schemes ( like Chrystia Freeland) helps to appreciate the future they might bring.
Thx Scott for your reply,
I would only adress the
“The German influx driven post-war industrialization”
It was actually US money that helped rebuild West Germany with
the goal to have W. Germany act as a “wall” against the spread
of Soviet influence and ideas. The goal was to show the Western
system as a better and superior one and to spread US influence.
A “Wirtschaftswunder” it was not. Nothing special about the German (worker)
or German system.
A little known fact, yet extremely gut-wrenching, is the fact that the German war reparations
were given as loans to victim countries. Yes you read this right, loans!.
So basically, no reparations at all. Therefore, Greece, Poland, Serbia and others
sure got legitimate right to ask for Germany to pay up. For now, Germany is strong
enough to dismiss those claims, but only for now…
Perhaps the following article will be of interest:
“Germany’s Holocaust Payoff
to Israel and World Jewry
By Mark Weber
The passions and propaganda of wartime normally diminish with the passage of time. A striking exception is the Holocaust campaign, which seems to grow more pervasive as the years go by. One lucrative expression of this seemingly endless campaign has been Germany’s massive and historically unparalleled reparations payoff to Israel and world Jewry for the alleged collective sins of the German people during the Hitler era. Between 1953 and 1992, the Federal Republic of (West) Germany paid out more than $35 billion in reparations to the Zionist state and to millions of individual “victims of National Socialism.”
How did this remarkable program get started? How lucrative has it been? What does it suggest about the “six million” figure? And what are its social and political implications?” —continued….
The more I learn the crazier it all becomes. This whole business of the “holocaust” payoffs is just a part of the demonically-planned thousand year “reich” , perpetually wringing money out of people who played No part in the war. Thievery by any other name, but more than that, humanity crucified on a cross of steel. A pile of debt so heavy that it crushes the life out of our planet. Is it worth it, I wonder.
Great information, but I would just add a comment that the Lemko region has always been thought of by its original inhabitants as part of the great Russian nation, stretching “from the Carpathians to the Pacific” and there is no historical substantiation for the English spelling “Rusyn”.
The people of Lemkovina or Prikarpatskaya Rus’ (north of the Carpathians in present-day Poland) and of Sub-Carpathian Rus’ (south of the Carpathian Mountains in present-day Slovakia, Ukraine, and Hungary) always called themselves Carpatho-Russians.
The term “Rusyn” was invented in 1974 by a writer whose name I won’t mention here at the moment, for the very purpose of causing confusion and denying the russkost’ (Russian consciousness) of the people. Being in academic circles, he was able to influence heavily the acceptance of this new invented word in place of the real name of our people, and then write books about “the people from nowhere” or some such nonsense, when the truth is that we have always considered ourselves part of the Russian nation, just not in Russia proper.
The majority of Russian Orthodox churches in the USA were founded exactly by immigrants from Galicia/Lemkovina and Sub-Carpathian Rus. Our own little church was founded as Russian Orthodox by workers whose home villages included Mukachevo in present-day Ukraine and villages in present-day Poland.
So if you ever come across articles about the local-initiative Parliament of Sub-Carpathia making declarations about wanting to be free of oppression from the Ukrainian nationalist state, that is part of it. They have to be very careful, and I know at least one person who was arrested for allegedly insufficient loyalty to the current regime in the Ukraine.
PS: Look up “Operation Vistula”. All those hundreds of Russian villages on the northern slopes of the Carpathians were depopulated by the Polish government and declared to be a national park, so the people can never return, from where they were forcibly resettled in northwest Poland.
Thanks for your clarification. It’s a very interesting and important conversation that we should keep on. Absolutely no one talks about this.
“always called themselves Carpatho-Russians”
Always? Not in the 30s though, when you were shouting “Slava ukraini, Herojam slava!” and “Moskaljaku na hiljaku!”.
“The majority of Russian Orthodox churches in the USA were founded exactly by immigrants from Galicia/Lemkovina and Sub-Carpathian Rus”
Wrong. The majority of Russian Orthodox churches in the US were founded by RUSSIANS. Russian emigres, that came to the US during and after the revolution, in the 20s. Why do Ukrainians feel the need to claim something that is not theirs? I understand your need to create your own identity, but please leave Russian history alone. All the Russian speakers were genocided by the Austro-Hungarians, so I think you are on the wrong site. I think you got lost when you were looking for the “UPA memorial” website, or something along those lines. And Rus’ has nothing to do with you, Kiev is the mother of Russian cities, as was proclaimed by Oleg. It is part of Russian history, not Ukrainian.
”If the Soviet Union was the ’Evil Empire’ and WWII ended with the partition of Poland as the official propaganda claims, why then did Poland receive so much territory with their population after the war?”
Actually, this is one of the very few misjudgments Stalin made, alongside giving consent (through Molotov) in the fall of 1947 to the creation of the Zionist Entity in Palestine.
In hindsight, the territorial gifts to Poland have only served to strengthen Polish arrogance, delusions, self-righteousness, and flat-out ingratitude. Granted, for as long as the Eastern bloc under Soviet leadership was around, this wasn’t too big a problem. But now that the USSR is no more and what used to be the Soviet bloc has turned into NATO vassals, it is Poland acting again on pure vocation as the enabler of Zionazi conquest and coercion — for her own Greater Good, of course.
Stalin should have demanded, and supervised the subsequent implementation of, a final partition of Poland into, mainly, three pieces going to the USSR, to Germany, and to Czechoslovakia, respectively. Poland is pestering all of Europe with her equally silly and petty intrigues, just as in the 1920s and 1930s.
Interesting article. Makes a lot of sense. Some years back I read an analysis of Poland’s foreign policy. Poland was concentrating it’s diplomatic attention towards the Baltic states and Ukraine. No doubt they don’t see Ukraine existing in it’s present form. Poland is obviously having aspirations towards western Ukraine, the former Galicia. Circumstances are, perhaps, in their favor, as analysts are stating that the country will break up into three parts, as it almost certainly will. Poroshenko and his oligarchs are driving the country into financial ruin.
However, Poland is playing a dangerous game, turning the US against Russia and Germany. Historically Poles made enemies of both Orthodox Russians and Protestant Germans. They are continuing with this foolish policy, now allying themselves with the US. As Kissinger stated, being a friend of the US is very dangerous. The US was also in Vietnam and left when things got too hot. The US making any sacrifices for Poland ? Hardly, no matter how strong the Polish, Galician and Zionist influence is in the US at the present moment. The only one who gained anything from the 2014 coup d’etat against Yanukovich was Putin, not the West. Crimea was reunified with Russia, and the Donbass is on the way to do the same. This leaves central and western Ukraine. Central Ukraine will, in due course, also rejoin Russia, as Kiev was the center of the original Russian state. This leaves western Ukraine, the former Galicia. Will it rejoin Poland ? We shall see.
Good post, if you don’t mind me so saying.
Good article, Scott, done with the usual forensic analysis that the Sakers website is famous for…
You should also add Zbignew Brzezinski as a Pole who has had an extreme malevolent influence in the US Body-Politic.
An interesting aside> Gitta Sereny mentioned that there were some 300,000 Polish kids that were adopted by German parents from 1939-45. Many of these kids were orphaned when the parents were killed by German Military overrunning the General-Governement… Gitta made the natural mistake of being humanitarian and aiming to reunite the kids with the parents…but…many of the kids were old enough to remember the poverty from which they had been kidnapped and compare it to the relatively greater luxury they could enjoy in their new German homes. So these kids were not enthusiastic about meeting up again with their biological Polish parents and more often than not, these Polish born kids now only spoke German and were not able to communicate with their biological parents….Gitta Sereny then had to stop her idealistic attempts. That means there are 300,000 Polish born “infiltrants” in the German population who may (or may not ) know that they have Polish heritage but certainly want to deny this and can “prove” it by showing a German family name and passport…
There are also many Germans with Polish names. I have several German friends with very Polish sounding names but they vehemently deny having any Polish connections at all…(many German mennonites came from two pockets in northern Polish territory…so if there was inter-marriage this makes sense….)
Another interesting detail that i discovered from a “little old jewish lady” who lived in my block of flats in London…many jews from Galicia fled west and then presented themselves to the advancing allied armies as “paperless roman catholics”. It was the practice for jews to mainly assume the mantle of roman catholic faith, to be able to integrate more easily into roman catholic Bavaria and get help from the US Third Army..
This also had practical reasons. The Americans employed their former Nazi enemies to help distribute food and blankets to refugees…the jews felt they were now even more discriminated against in US occupied Bavaria than when the Germans ran the place…so life was easier for jews if they could claim roman catholic heritage and just say they lost all their papers….
I did not need to go far to put this to the test: a West German friend who looks exactly like a Sabra and acts like one (ie a real shark)…had a very kindly mother…a roman catholic who fled from Galicia…On a visit to this family i noticed a candelabra in the corner of the living room…it was a typical jewish 7 candle affair… I asked her why she had this candelabra…for a moment she looked panicked …i guess old memories came flooding back and she replied that it was sitting in an antiques market and she kind of liked it…i replied “it makes you remember your youth doesnt it?” and she quietly nodded but put her fingers to her lips, to show she dis not want to discuss it further…
I must digress a little about this “little old jewish lady neighbour” of mine. She had been married to Karl Retzlaw of Spartakus Movement fame (the 1000 communists who were massacred in Berlin Lichtenberg). Karl Retzlaw escaped to Frankfurt am Main and just stayed there to write his memoirs…. Karl Retzlaw was friends with Lenin, and knew Stalin, Trotzky, Beria, Ulbricht and Honecker…
Just imagine…when i shook hands with her…i shook the hand that shook the hand of her husband….who shook hands with Lenin and Stalin…I was THAT close to power…it made me feel really giddy…
It seems to me that England did the USSR a huge favor in regards to it’s Polish policy. n 1992 and 1993, Max Klüver, another German historian, spent five weeks in the Public Record Office in London searching through documents which, after fifty years of being hidden from public scrutiny, were now open to researchers. He writes in his book Es war nicht Hitlers Krieg: “How little the British cared about Danzig and the allegedly endangered Polish independence is also shown by the following brief prepared for Colonel Beck’s visit of April 3 . The brief states: ‘Danzig is an artificial structure, the maintenance of which is a bad casus belli. But it is unlikely that the Germans would accept less than a total solution of the Danzig question except for a substantial quid pro quo which could hardly be less than a guarantee of Poland’s neutrality.” But such a deal would be a bad bargain for England. “It would shake Polish morale, increase their vulnerability to German penetration and so defeat the policy of forming a bloc against German expansion. It should not therefore be to our interest to suggest that the Poles abandon their rights in Danzig on the ground that they are not defensible.”29 Klüver concludes: “So there we have it clearly stated: in the own British interest, the matter of Danzig must not be solved and peace preserved. The British guarantee to Poland, however, had reinforced the Polish in their stubbornness and made them completely obdurate where any solution to the Danzig question was concerned.