by Scott Humor
This past September, in one of his regular interviews with the newspaper Parlamentní Listy, retired Czech Major General Hynek Blaško commented on the possibility of a conflict between Russia and NATO with a following anecdote:
“I have seen a popular joke on the Internet about Obama and his generals in the Pentagon debating on the best timing to attack Russia. They couldn’t come to any agreement, so they decided to ask their allies.
The French said: ” We do not know, but certainly not in the winter. This will end badly. ”
The Germans responded: “We do not know, either, but definitely not in a summer. We have already tried.”
Someone in Obama’s war room had a brilliant idea to ask China, on the basis that China is developing and always has new ideas.
The Chinese answered: “The best time for this is right now. Russia is building the Power of Siberia pipeline, the North Stream Pipeline, Vostochny Cosmodrome Spaceport, the MegaProject bridge to Crimea; also Russian is upgrading the Trans-Siberian railroad with a new railway bridge across Lena River and the Amur-Yakutsk Mainline. Russia is also building new sports facilities for the World Cup and athletics, and has in development over 150 production projects in the Arctic … Well, now they really need as many POWs as possible!”
So, now, even NATO members’ generals have noticed something peculiar about Russia.
Made in Russia
According to the myth that is being peddled by Western media, Russia has an underdeveloped economy based on the exchange of raw mineral resources for glass beads… I mean Western produced hi-tech products. Any barber would tell you that even Asians can make iPhones, but Russians can’t.
Let’s look into it:
In 2016, High-Technology Manufacturing as a Percentage of GDP – 22.3%
The most hi-tech product in today’s world is not an iPhone, but a nuclear submarine. Submarines contain a gigantic quantity of hi-tech parts, most of them are secret.
Today, Russia is the only country in the world that manufactures the IV generation of submarines.
[ 2:14] The fourth Yasen-class nuclear submarine Krasnoyarsk recently completed hydraulic pressure hull tests. The nuclear-powered Project 885 attack submarine is being built by the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk, Russia.
Total 5 submarines are being built, and 5 submarines SSBN Borei-A class nuclear-Powered submarines.
[2:50] The defense industry is looking into increasing the percentage of what they call “civilian products,” and for that it invest huge amount of efforts and resources into training the new generation of highly skilled workers.
Quantorium children’s techno-parks, also known as the new model of extra-curriculum education. Basically they are good old Soviet technological sections for children, only with more advanced with 3-D modeling and robo-tech. Needless to say that studies in the Quantorium techno-parks are absolutely free. Those parks are opening in many regions of the country.
ROBO development corporation from Saint Petersburg that provides leaning materials for Quantoriums and for middle schools also provides products for learning programming skills for schools in Finland.
[4:21] For the last four years the population of Russia is growing. The new system of education is being developing now for all those children.
 Russia restarts production of beryllium, which was lost in 1989. Instead, Russia has been buying beryllium from China and the US.
Breakthroughs in beryllium production technology could mean that Russia will be self-sufficient in supplies of one of the world’s rarest and most valuable metals. Beryllium is primarily used in the manufacture of structural materials for high-speed aircraft, missiles, spacecraft and communication satellites and is also deployed in nuclear reactors as a reflector or moderator of neutrons.
By 2020 Russia is expected to take 1/3 of the world market of beryllium.
What else is being made in Russia
Cars and trucks
Russian retro ride Bilenkin Classic cars, modern old-timers
Russian automaker Lada kickstarts sales in Germany
Russian automaker #Lada kickstarts sales in #Germany https://t.co/RuZkj25T0z pic.twitter.com/ZHMHXoQIUB
— RT (@RT_com) February 21, 2017
All road bikes with low pressure tires
Heavy industrial equipment, tractors and trucks
KAMAZ 2014 – GAZ, VAZ, UAZ, VIS
KAMAZ 53949 Typhoon-K 4×4 multirole modular armored vehicle
New Typhoon-K deployed for the Western military district in Nizhny Novgorod
Ural and Gaz-66, and Gaz-69
BMP-3 IFV. Kamaz Typhoon-K, Ural Typhoon-U MRAP. GAZ Tiger Kornet-D, Arbalet-DM
Arctic adventure: Russian military vehicles set out on a freezing journey
Ural Next trucks
GAZ TIGER 2330 GAZ-2330 Tiger of The Spirit of the Siberian Tiger the Extreme 4×4
Small Utility vehicles
Aircraft: planes, jets and helicopters
· Who, how and where makes transmissions for helicopters, photo gallery
· Russian Helicopters to build Russia’s largest helicopter gearbox and transmission assembly and testing facility, 2014
· Russian Helicopters produce first Ka-52 Alligator in 2017
· Famous workhorse of every war, MI-8 or our “Little Brother”
A helicopter is a soul of a fallen in battle tank
A breath-taking video of super-maneuverable multirole Su 35S fighter jet provided by a new engine with thrust vector control
A breath-taking video of #Russia's 🇷🇺 super-maneuverable multirole #Su35S fighter jet provided by a new engine with thrust vector control pic.twitter.com/VqlhEAPILa
— ГК РФ 🇷🇺 в Женеве (@RusConsulGen) February 15, 2017
IL-96-300PU airplane of the President of the Russian Federation
Long-range passenger airliner IL-96-300
Mid-range passenger and cargo airplanes TU-204, TU-214 and their modifications
Oil tanker & Freight transport built in Russia
Krasnoye Sormovo shipyard launches Pioneer-2, tanker of project RST27 built for CMS
February 2017, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia based Krasnoye Sormovo shipyard (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) launched the Рioneer-2, the second tanker of project RST27 built for Caspian sea and designed for mixed (river-sea) shipping of liquid bulk crude and oil products,
The RST27 vessels were designed by Marine Engineering Bureau to RS class: KM (*) Ice1 R2 AUT1-ICS VCS ECO-S OMBO Oil tanker (ESP). Detailed design was provided by Nizhny Novgorod based engineering firm Volga-Caspian Design Bureau.
Russia has negotiated a deal to produce its patrol boats Gepard 5.1 for Sri Lanka.
The time-tested by the naval forces of Russia and Vietnam in various military events frigate Gepard 3.9 is gradually gaining credibility in the arms market of the Asian countries. As it became known to Realnoe Vremya, Rosoboronexport and the Zelenodolsk plant named after A. M. Gorky are completing the two-year negotiations with the Navy of Sri Lanka for the supply of patrol boats Gepard 5.1. Although it is about one vessel, this contract will reinforce the interest in the vessel of other South-Eastern countries — Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bahrain.
Two new Gepard-3.9 will be delivered to Vietnam shortly
Engels locomotive manufacturer in Saratov. a maker of 2ЭB120 electric locomotive speed up to 120 k/h, photo gallery
Saratov railroad depot, photo gallery
Center controls for public safety and security
Moscow subway center of safety and security, photo gallery
Innopolis university and campus
KasperskyLab officially launch KasperskyOS – world’s most cybersecure platform to date
#KasperskyLab & @e_kaspersky officially launch #KasperskyOS – world's most cybersecure platform to date @kaspersky https://t.co/5e8tlX0RP8 pic.twitter.com/b9ULmQEP0P
— Russia in RSA 🇷🇺 (@EmbassyofRussia) February 16, 2017
Moscow Biomedical startups located in tech-hub kl10ch
Expo City Trans, photo gallery
Subway station Ramenki in Moscow, photo gallery
Works in precious metals and gems
Russia has been traditionally known for its goldsmiths and silversmiths
These traditions are still alive with some modern twist
Gold, marble and titanium covers shaped like Makarov revolver for cell phones
Russia: The lady with the golden gun – check out Caviar’s special edition Makarov pistol and iPhone
Award weapon production for Russian Defense Ministry in Zlatoust
made with traditional Russian enamel and goldwork encrusted samples of famous Russia’s firearms for presentations and gifts made by the famous masters of Zkatoust
Needless to say that this kind of state and the Ministry of Defense orders are the life stream for the jewelers and goldsmiths to keep their craft alive and to teach the new generations of jewelers.
Foreign brands and technologies manufactured in Russia
Mazda CX-5 and Mazda6 manufactured in Vladivostok from the tass corresponded for the Far East
Wines and fine spirits, craft beer
Manufacturer of ‘Abrau-Durso ‘Russian Champagne’ Brut
The winery and center of wine tourism Abrau-Durso
Agro complex Volga from tomatoes and sturgeons, to lions and horses
Russia is the only country in the world where bioresources are increasing every year: forests, fish and wildlife
Tigers and others in Seaside Safari Park near Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai
Vladivostok is a winter home for white-tailed eagles, photo gallery
Tourism in Russia
Home museum of artist Petrov-Vodkin
Russia is a leader in space tourism
Not made in Russia
- So much for “American Made” GE to double its procurements from China to $10 billion
So much for #American Made; GE to double it’s procurements from #China to $10 billion https://t.co/DPipAHCl37
— Vlad Rothstein (@solomon99999000) February 21, 2017
- SpaceX rocket launch aborted due to technical difficulties, rescheduled for Sunday- NASA (VIDEO)
- The UK nuclear submarine Trafalgar cracked
Awesome collection Scott.
Conspicuous , by their absence, in the list are Russian- built ice-breakers. Now why would that be?
AGW?. Global warming?
Pull the other one!
Also missing from the article: Rocket engines bought by NASA because the US can’t build their own. If space travel is the showpiece technology for an industrial nation, the US has dumbed down, off-shored and budget-cut itself out of the running for the #1 spot.
Right. Here is a link to the documentary on the NK-33/RD-180 rocket engine.
Space travel? Well, I guess there’re some things satellites can be somewhat useful for. How come Russia (post-Stalin USSR) never unmasked the farcical ‘moon landings’ fairy tales? It is because Russia is run by the same monstrous frauds (ethnic mafia) as the West.
I looked a little into who owns e.g. GAZ, the company which makes the ‘Tiger’. It is totally disgusting. It is owned by a – remarkably ugly looking – Roth-child Jewish (globalist) rat. The same ugly man, thief, charlatan, ‘owns’ a big part of the rest of the assets of the Russian people. The Russians, who now have it slightly less miserable than in the 90s are merely slaves of this disgusting mafia (not to mention the usury the Russians have to pay to the same mafia’s other monstrous frauds). When is Putin going to do something about that? For all the ‘deep state’ crap, gossip, written about Trump, what about Russia’s ‘deep state’ and Putin?
Sibel Edmonds (Newsbud) has a very good vid about this bunch of lousy monkeys, totally depraved psychopaths, pedophiles, whatever, aka the ‘deep state’: https://youtu.be/IClVKyb63m4
“The Russians, who now have it slightly less miserable than in the 90s…”
Do you live in Russia?
I have lived in Russia since 1992. Before that, I lived for 1 year in the USSR.
To say that Russians have “slightly less miserable” lives than they had during the reign of Boris the Drunk i grossly innacurate.
Nice article, but I have to correct a little fact:
“The most hi-tech advanced product in today’s world”
that would be the CPU; it wins this category hands down, anything else coming a distant second. There was a Russian project last year to develop a chip, but even then the fabrication was outsourced to one of the big foundries (either in Korea or Taiwan).
The best stimulus for Russian industry would be a protective tariff, it did wonders for the cheese makers!
Maybe debatable, because while the cpu is the arguably the most complex, other things use a wider range of technology while chips tend to be about the same things over and over — gates, amps, etc. with maybe some tunneling, etc. effects. Something like saying a city’s building is high tech because there is so many of them — are they more high tech than a shopping mall?
A nuclear submarine has atomic stuff, high tech materials,and also electronics. Planes have advanced designs of surfaces. Rocket engines depend on exotic materials and complex designs. Should we include the tooling and technology needed to produce these things? The age of the technology? CPUs are fairly old now, and quantum computers would seem to be way higher, technologically (Is China first in that regard?) What about bio-tech and medicine, chemistry, nano-materials, optical design and fabrication? I don’t want to limit it to only electronics.
It’s not clear to me how technology level should be evaluated or defined. Should it include how much education is needed to understand how a particular thing works?
Outsourcing fabrication, however, may depend more on the economics than what could be done, and the US could make very few things without all the foreign supply chains. Without China most Americans would have to walk around half naked like in the stone age and cook on hot flat rocks over a fire.
For all those hi tech products you need as fast as CPU’s possible during the design and development of them.
And to make electronic chips you need exotic materials, precision machining and tooling, advanced photo techniques and optics, some fancy chemistry, materials, and metallurgy, and so forth. Aspects of technology are all tied together and interdependent, with most everything depending on a number of nations and producers for a finished product.
There are two CPUs produced in Russia. One is called Baikal, and based on ARM and MIPS instruction sets, so one might call it not fully indigenous:
Another one is called Elbrus, and it has its origins in the Soviet supercomputers. This one is fully indigenous
Needless to say, these puppies are oriented towards government and military.
Baikal is a designer using the ARM architecheure, Elbrus is the one I was referring to, they outsource their fabrication to foundries in either South Korea or Taiwan (if I am mistaken please provide a link, both wiki articles talked about design not manufacturing).
@ CPU’s are cool!
Ok…so I have to jump in here because this comment is a prime example of the dumbing down of the populace that has been going on since the internet became a household staple…
We have been told for at least three decades now by the silicon valley hipsters…and their cheering section in the fakestream media…how information technology changes everything and empowers everybody…at the same time drumming into us the corollary notion that we we “create our own reality”
Clearly CPU is living in his own “reality”…which clinically is called “delusion”…
First…there can be no qualitative comparison, in terms of technical achievement…between a cpu [basically a glorified transistor…most of which are manufactured in Taiwan] …and colossal scientific achievements like human spaceflight…
Even the modern jetliner is a hugely more sophisticated machine than a microchip…it’s so ludicrous I find it even hard to even put those two words in the same sentence…
Taiwan makes millions of CPUs for Intel, Apple, TI and many others…how many airplanes does Taiwan make…?
I would like to take ‘CPU’ and his favorite chip on a flight to about 60,000 ft and see what happens to his chip at these heights where our protective atmosphere is very thin…
Btw…’normal’ cruising altitude of 35,000 ft still equates to a full chest X-ray of radiation dose on a four-hour flight…
There is a reason that microelectronics have been very gradually and carefully introduced into commercial jetliner avionics only in the last decade or so…if you look at modern avionics you see a world of difference [from consumer electronics] in terms of the sophistication needed to protect those electronic circuits in the hostile environment of high-altitude flight…
This protection itself is a much higher technical achievement than the pedestrian cpu…and is the reason why avionics cost orders of magnitude more than consumer electronics…
The radiation hazards to spacecraft electronics have been known for a long time…not just from cosmic radiation…but also solar flares…solar wind… and geomagnetic storms…all of these hazards also apply to aircraft at high altitudes…
Space flight is of course much more challenging for electronic circuits of any kind…many a spacecraft has failed due to insufficient hardening of its electronics…
This is just one of the technical challenges that had to be overcome by science in order to make routine spaceflight even thinkable…there are many others…life support…[what do you think would happen to your body even at 60,000 ft…without cabin pressurization…?…your blood would literally begin to boil…]…
China is a major manufacturer of indigenous semiconductors and has a number of semiconductor fabrication plants……so do countries like India…Korea…and even Malaysia…how many of those countries can even produce a jet airplane…?
China still can’t even make its own jet engines…either civilian or military…they have to buy them from Russia…although they are working very hard to get there…
China was the third country in the world…after Russia and the US to put a human in space in 2003…they were able to achieve this in large part with Russian help…
…In 1994, Russia sold some of its advanced aviation and space technology to the Chinese. In 1995 a deal was signed between the two countries for the transfer of Russian Soyuz spacecraft technology to China. Included in the agreement was training, provision of Soyuz capsules, life support systems, docking systems, and space suits. In 1996 two Chinese astronauts, Wu Jie and Li Qinglong, began training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre in Russia. After training, these men returned to China and proceeded to train other Chinese astronauts at sites near Beijing and Jiuquan. The hardware and information sold by the Russians led to modifications of the original Phase One spacecraft, eventually called Shenzhou, which loosely translated means “divine vessel.” New launch facilities were built at the Jiuquan launch site in Inner Mongolia, and in the spring of 1998 a mock-up of the Long March 2F launch vehicle with Shenzhou spacecraft was rolled out for integration and facility tests…
Even something as simple as going to the bathroom in space becomes very difficult…
…While the Soyuz spacecraft had an onboard toilet facility since its introduction in 1967 (due to the additional space in the Orbital Module), all Gemini and Apollo spacecraft required astronauts to urinate in a so-called “relief tube” in which the contents were dumped into space (an example would be the urine dump scene in the movie Apollo 13), while fecal matter was collected in specially-designed bags.The facilities were so uncomfortable that, to avoid using them, astronauts ate less than half the available food on their flights….
Three nations in space…a handful of nations able to produce sophisticated jet engines…Russia…US…UK…France…
Yet somehow the computer chip which is a commodity churned out in places like Malaysia is the pinnacle of human technical and scientific achievement…it boggles the mind…
In the big scheme of things microelectronics are a very small deal…
The author of the article quite rightly put the nuclear submarine near the top of scientific technical achievements…
Question: How do submarines communicate…?
Answer: With great difficulty…radio waves don’t travel well in salt water due to its electrical conductivity…so just flipping on a radio is not going to work for nuclear subs that spend months under the oceans…
The solution for both the US and Russia has been to create a network for underwater acoustic communication…that’s right sound waves…by placing sonic communication equipment on the seabed floor and connecting those by underwater cable to land stations…
To compare microelectronic fabrication to these kinds of technical achievements speaks to a complete ignorance of science and the colossal engineering achievements we have seen…
The most technically advanced part of making a chip is actually fabricating the single-crystal silicon wafers…a technique also used in making single-crystal turbine blades for jet engines…although much more difficult in the latter case because we are working with metallic superalloys not sand [silicon]…
Anyone who has had the chance to see the highly-guarded technology for growing these single-crystal metallic structures will tell you that making wafers for chips is child’s play in comparison…
Once you have the wafer…the rest of the cpu fab is pretty pedestrian…it’s called photolithography…because it uses light to etch [lithography] the micropatterns onto the wafer…lithography is as old as chiseling words into stone tablets…and there are much more advanced photo technologies in telescopy and other fields than there are in microelectronics…
In any case Russia…and previously the Soviet Union…have for many decades created at times world-leading cpu technology …
Currently the Russian Elbrus 8-C microprocessor is among the most powerful in the world…with eight processor cores and able to reach teraflop speeds…
Admittedly its process is only 28nm as opposed to Intel’s current 14 nm…and yes the production is outsourced to Taiwan’s TSMC fab…one of the biggest and oldest in the world…just like most of the fabless semiconductor companies including Apple, AMD and many others…even the two major integrated device manufacturers that do have their own fabs…Intel and Texas Instruments… outsource to TSMC…
Russia’s Mikron has its own fab process but is now only at about 90nm…
In any case…the article itself…although highlighting some bright spots…does not give a completely realistic picture…Russian vehicle manufacturing is still very small in global terms…
The article does not touch on the important civil aviation sector…where Russia was once a world leader…[the Tupolev Tu104 was the world’s first successful commercial jetliner…and the only jetliner flying in the world from 1956 to 1958…]
The Russian aviation industry is working hard on getting back in the game…with the Sukhoi SuperJet 100 short-haul jetliner already doing well in service…and the larger Irkut MC21 [B737 and A320 class] about to enter service…
There are also plans for getting back into wide-body aircraft production…possibly in partnership with the Chinese…
But we must also realize that a lot of the obstacles Russia faces in this sector…and many others…is political…not any lack of engineering talent or manufacturing capability…
The West is not about to start buying Russian jetliners or even Russian cars simply for political reasons…but the rapidly emerging world markets are another story…
In the long run…the West’s shortsighted and aggressive posture is going to come back and bite them…
Technology is only as good as its usefulness…
In the civilian sector…we have seen two major technology leaps…in communications…with microelectronics and the internet…and with transportation…with the jet age…
Question:…if you could keep only one of those two…which would it be…the iphone in your pocket…or the ability to hop on a jet and get off on the other side of the world in a few hours…?
I think the answer is obvious…
I’ve flown over a few times, over 50 years ago, and would not now, given the TSA and hassle and lousy customer service. If I could ever go emigrate to Russia I’d go by ship (and savor mile by mile as I got further from the US).
I’ve never had an I_Phone, and don’t want one.
Technology is the knowledge and study of technique — how to get done what you want to do. And that brings up an email I got this morning with the following:
Why Nothing Works Anymore
Technology has its own purposes.
A Matter Of How You See It Photography by Kala / Getty
Feb 23, 2017
Technology’s role has begun to shift, from serving human users to pushing them out of the way so that the technologized world can service its own ends. And so, with increasing frequency, technology will exist not to serve human goals, but to facilitate its own expansion.
Thank you Фланкербандит for your comment. Very useful and relevant information.
your embedded link worked …. now use a relevant article … mod-hs
USSR built a experimental computer running base 3 – just to see how it might work – it did, but base two turns out to be better.
Submarine communicate via acoustics and also laser, and can receive radio in the ULF and VLF bands by rising to about 30 meters of so and trailing a polypropylene (floating rope sort of) antenna. BAUD rate of ULF/VHF is very low.
I know nothing about specific Ruski sub methods.
Ok…so first about the laser communication…free-space optical communications [as opposed to the ubiquitous optic cable] is a technology that is still in its infancy…even in the above-surface environment…
Underwater laser [laser waves are in the optical spectrum of electromegentic waves] communication is a long way away…
For one thing it is quite limited in its propagation distance…which would be on the order of several hundred meters…or at most several kilometers…
Some tests carried out in 2009 found that after only 3 meters the laser intensity was down to only 12 percent of its original strength…
In 2010 DARPA awarded a $30 million contract to have a system that could be field-tested at RIMPAC 2012…but there has been very little info on that supposed test…
The laser technology aims to only work at short distances…such as transmitting from a relatively shallow-submerged sub to a nearby ship…
But a sub loses much of its tactical advantage…vis a vis enemy surface ships…if it rises much above 60 to 100 meters depth…so getting near enough to the surface to use either the proposed laser…or towing radio antenna buoys is giving away the sub’s advantage right off the bat…
The more ambitious long-term goal is to establish an underwater network with laser sensors located throughout the seabed…similar to the sonic [sound waves] networks now in place…the promise being much greater bandwidth…and other advantages…
The sonic communications networks now in place are also not very long range…but still a lot longer than present free-space laser…up to about 30 km…so a sub that is far away from one of these sensors [underwater speakers and hydrophones] will have no way to have two-way communications…
There is a decent technical article comparing the two technologies here…
You mentioned very and extremely low frequency…VLF and ELF…which is only a one-way shore to ship relay…
Now these very long wavelengths [about 3,500 km] can penetrate the sea to depths of hundreds of meters…so this is really the only practical way right now to at least get information to the deep-diving nuclear sub at sea…which is arguably much more important [such as satellite or other signals intelligence on enemy ship positions] than having the sub communicate back…
There is an interesting article about the Russian ZEVS system on the Kola Peninsula…because the wavelengths are over 3,000 km long the antennas for these systems must be huge…and the only way to do that is to basically use a good part of the planet as the antenna…
You basically put two huge electrodes in the ground at different sites and connect them with power lines at a station in the middle…the catch is that the ground conductivity in the place where you put those electrodes must have low conductivity…exactly the opposite of ‘grounding’ a conventional antenna…and it’s hard to find soil with low electrical conductivity…
Interesting also that you mention Russian ternary logic computing…
Mathematically…ternary logic…[-1…0…1]…has a lot of potential advantages…it can do the same computation with a lot fewer elements…ie transistors…and thus uses less power…etc…
Fifty Setun computers were built between 1958 and 1965…and the binary computers that replaced them only matched their computing power…but at much greater cost, size and power consumption…
A lot of people think computers are really accurate…but this is not actually the case…due to the mathematical limitations of binary logic…
This can have real-world consequences…in the first Gulf War…the vaunted Patriot air defense system failed to intercept a primitive Iraqi Scud missile in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, resulting in 28 US soldiers killed…
The failure was a result of accumulation of simple arithmetic errors inherent in all binary computers…called loss of significance [as in significant digits]…
The GAO wrote in 1992…
‘…the software problem caused an inaccurate tracking calculation which became worse the longer the system operated… at the time of the incident, the battery had operated continuously for over 100 hours and the inaccuracy was serious enough to cause the system to look in the wrong place for the incoming Scud…’
For those numerically inclined…the problem with binary logic…ie 0 and 1…is that even a simple fraction such as 1/10 is beyond the capability of this number system to calculate accurately…
Reason is that only fractions that are divisible by a power of 2 will give an accurate result…which 1/10 is not…so instead of getting a rational number…ie any integer that can be perfectly divided [rationed]…like one tenth or decimally 0.1…you get what are called non-terminating expansions…which are endless numbers like pi…
A rational number terminates after a finite number of digits…ie 1/10 terminates after just one digit…0.1…or it begins to repeat the same finite sequence of digits over and over…like 1/3…which is 1.33333…etc to infinity…
Irrational numbers cannot be divided [rationed] neatly…they do not terminate nor repeat the same sequence like 1/3…they just keep on generating numbers in an endless stream of ever changing sequences…pi is an example…so is square root of 2…
In fact most real numbers cannot be perfectly divided…and are hence irrational numbers…
This is not a problem for the decimal system…but it is a problem for the binary system…
So the upshot is that decimal math does not translate well to binary math…
For example if you want to add 0.1 ten times you should of course get an answer of 1…but that is not what you get with binary…
So the ‘solution’ is floating point arithmetic…where the decimal place is simply moved [ie floats] in order to perform arithmetic more accurately…
But this…in turn…brings its own problems…
‘…The fact that floating-point numbers cannot precisely represent all real numbers, and that floating-point operations cannot precisely represent true arithmetic operations, leads to many surprising situations…’
For example…if you use a spreadsheet program and you enter =pi()…what you get is 3 followed by 14 decimal points…for a total of 15 significant digits…as per the IEEE 754 standard…instead of the endless stream of numbers that is actually pi…
That may not sound like a big deal but those rounding errors can add up…like that failed Patriot intercept demonstrated…there have been many more such instances…
The upshot is that the ternary logic is an improvement in this regard…but the most accurate computer is theoretically an analog computer……which used to be used quite extensively…
These do not even have to be electrical…in fact there have been many ingenious computers throughout the ages that were mechanical…like the slide rule…mechanical clocks [and expensive Swiss watches]…the Norden bombsight of WW2…the ‘whiz wheel’ [basically a circular slide rule] used in pilot training…etc…
Electronic analog computers are still used in industry…especially in ‘dynamic systems’ where you have a real-time feedback loop…
‘…The similarity between linear mechanical components, such as springs and dashpots (viscous-fluid dampers), and electrical components, such as capacitors, inductors, and resistors is striking in terms of mathematics. They can be modeled using equations of the same form…’
The only problem with analog computers is noise in the circuitry…which decreases accuracy…if noise could be eliminated…or even greatly reduced… analog computers would be able to solve problems that are impossible for digital computers…
In computer science these are called Real Computers because they work with real numbers…
Unfortunately…most of today’s computer ‘wizards’ have a very shaky grounding in mathematics…and even less so in physics…and so they tend to simply throw a cpu at any problem that comes along…
And in many case that results in debacles like that in the Gulf War…failed $100 million satellite launches…and many more such failures due to a ‘computer’ in the loop…
So no…the CPU is definitely not anything amazing…in the wrong hands it can make more problems than it solves…
Every point you made accords precisely with, so far as I know, fact. I was perhaps too brief. Laser comm, for example, is obviously limited in available spectrum and also by absorption and attenuation to perhaps the realm or 50 meters point to point between diver and sub – that sort of business. – I thought this, and the rest too, was obvious.
I appreciate the links very much, particularly the VLF link. Thank you! Radio is a hobby. Some may share my enthusiasm too – so here’s the wiki on Aspidistra in the spirit of East-West Accord https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspidistra_(transmitter) The deeper stories of the transmitter and its use are fascinating!
I am aware that in modernizing the electronic systems to formulate a cohesive picture of the entire spectrum of a space – particularly in linking older formerly stand alone radar software that was crunching polar data to a modern Cartesian picture – numerous singularities arise.
These present certain weaknesses, and of course technical advantages to an adversary.
I shall not go any further along such lines.
Again, links are great and so are your deeper remarks.
t risk of off topic criticism a story about WW2 radio http://www.bbceng.info/Technical%20Reviews/aspidistra-and-ose5.pdf
Forgive me, please!
@Фланкербандит: Well described. But as you know binary numbers were chosen for computers because they can easily and cheaply be presented (binary 0 and binary 1 == off/on [no current/current]).
But interesting to learn that ternary computers have ever been built in such a quantity (a lot for the time).
I must find out more about how they were implemented.
Semiconductor fabrication is the hardest thing that man does. Many of the processes are art, not science – it is not fully understood. The technology involves all aspects of man’s scientific knowledge and engineering ability. The latest fin-fets are three dimensional, because of unwanted quantum effects. This fabrication extends to micromachines, complete with pumps, rotors, embedded sensors, etc.
Semiconductor processing includes a wide range of 5 nines purity chemistry; it uses linear accelerators (implanters) to deliver precise dopants. The latest photolithographic processes, to shrink dimensions further, require going to deep UV light, or X rays. Glass lens have trouble working in this physical realm. Plasmas are directed and used to etch. Other types of plasmas are used to deposit various films. All of these films can have tailored properties.
People in this industry spend their life studying one small aspect of it, since it is so vast.
The industry was EXPORTED from the U.S., especially as Asia targeted it. Finance capital wants to export jobs and import cheap labor, to then make wage arbitrage. A nations patrimony can be sold and taught to others fairly easily – especially if there is a supply chain. In this way, the U.S. sold its patrimony (the past) for wage arbitrage today.
None of the failures of finance capitalism detract from the invention and creation of semiconductor industry. The people (mostly Americans) that did the inventing and developing of the industry, are not the same ones that sold it … that would be Wall Street. The Wall Street China gambit lifted other industries as well.
Russians have plenty to be proud of, but the truth still matters. Americans have invented much of the modern world.
As with most technology that Americans claim they invented, the real inventors of IC were foreign born. Kirby was the only American of note in the precursors of modern IC, but his designs were based on germanium not silicon.
The father of the integrated circuit was a German, Werner Jacobi. Next came Englishman Geoffery Dummer, who presented the idea to the American public in 1952. In 1958 Kirby patented the first real working IC, but it was Kurt Lehovic from the Czech Republic who came up with the p-n juction isolation that made silicon chips workable. He was brought to America as part of Project Paperclip.
Yes, America funded the birth of the IC, but to claim it as an American invention is a far stretch!
The truth still matters.
but to claim it as an American invention is a far stretch!
Any mature industry requires the involvement of people working in the trenches, building up knowledge and capability. There is no question that the Semiconductor Industry was invented primarily by Americans. The sheer number of patents is indicative of that. Pretty much all of the capital equipment vendors were initially American. Japan came along later as they targeted the industry.
High tech became a threat to various nations, in that it promised to revolutionize production. In this way America lost the industry to overt attack.
All science in the Western World involves players from various regions. Nuclear power matured in the U.S. but some antecedents were elsewhere. Russia gained many American nuclear secrets though spying.
The integrated circuit is the brainchild of Americans e.g. Noyce (who’ve I’ve met). Any other reading on this preposterous and does a disservice to reality.
The idea of having inlaid metals, or patterned aluminum wires, along with shift registers – basically the entire edifice of computer design and IC microelectronics industry was born and developed in America. It then quickly left the shores of America and was adopted worldwide. Greed, Finance, and targeting by others (including Russia) allowed American ideas and industry to be lost.
removed – no personal attacks. Mod
With regards to TSMC, that is a foundry model. Foundaries were predicated on stealing American patrimony in the first cycles. That means that American’s taught TSMC engineers their job, which then allowed them to quickly learn. I know this firsthand, so please don’t tell me otherwise.
TSMC is really a state industry, which gets tax subsidies. With regards to finfets, look at the patent literature again. It is mostly Intel that invented this technology. I co-invented the smallest metal gate fin-fet, and we were always chasing Intel, not TSMC.
A double-gate FinFET device
An SOI FinFET MOSFET
The NVIDIA GTX 1070, which uses a 16 nm Pascal chip manufactured by TSMC
The term FinFET (fin field-effect transistor) was coined by University of California, Berkeley, researchers (Profs. Chenming Hu, Tsu-Jae King-Liu and Jeffrey Bokor) to describe a nonplanar, double-gate transistor built on an SOI substrate,
The first was born in China — can’t find info on the other two. The industry was exported to Asia, but at least one of the engineers was imported from Asia. There is so much mix now that it’s difficult to say any technology began here or there, or is the center of it for an extended period. Maybe the best we can do is cite who is producing and/or selling it at a given time, which will change as social and financial/economic conditions change.
Welcome to the wonderful world of globalization……
‘…Semiconductor fabrication is the hardest thing that man does…”
This is quite simply ridiculous…your statement is quite hollow with nothing to back it up…where is your argument…?…your sources…your technical explanations…
First of all you are conflating Microelectromechanical systems [MEMS]…with microelectronics…when you mention ‘…micromachines, complete with pumps, rotors, embedded sensors…’
The two are completely distinct disciplines and processes altogether…MEMS being a branch of nanotechnology…this tells mu much about how much you actually know…
As for making cpus and other microelectronics…this is quite pedestrian technology as I have already detailed…
‘…Photolithography, also termed optical lithography or UV lithography, is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate. It uses light to transfer a geometric pattern from a photomask to a light-sensitive chemical “photoresist”, or simply “resist,” on the substrate. A series of chemical treatments then either engraves the exposure pattern into, or enables deposition of a new material in the desired pattern upon, the material underneath the photo resist. For example, in complex integrated circuits, a modern CMOS wafer will go through the photolithographic cycle up to 50 times.
Photolithography shares some fundamental principles with photography in that the pattern in the etching resist is created by exposing it to light, either directly (without using a mask) or with a projected image using an optical mask. This procedure is comparable to a high precision version of the method used to make printed circuit boards. Subsequent stages in the process have more in common with etching than with lithographic printing. It is used because it can create extremely small patterns (down to a few tens of nanometers in size), it affords exact control over the shape and size of the objects it creates, and because it can create patterns over an entire surface cost-effectively. Its main disadvantages are that it requires a flat substrate to start with, it is not very effective at creating shapes that are not flat, and it can require extremely clean operating conditions…
The optics used in the photolithography process are not even on a par with the technology used in advanced lasers…
I have already mentioned the single-crystal process to make the silicon wafers…which are roughly 200 mm 300 mm and quite thin…the material is silicon…which is sand…
I have also mentioned that making single-crystal metallic alloys such as jet engine turbine blades is orders of magnitude more advanced than making wafers from sand…
Judging by the simplicity of your statement I would guess you have no idea of the wider world of science and technology…
Have you ever heard of a particle accelerator…?
How about a scanning transmission electron microscope…?
How about neutron diffraction…which is a scientific instrument used in materials science to scan at the molecular level for material stress and crystalline structure…?
How about crystallography…?
I would bet dollars to donuts you don’t even realize that a full flight simulator used to train pilots is a machine that rivals the complexity of the airplane itself and sometimes costs more than the actual jetliner…
Even the ring lazer gyroscope used in aircraft navigation is a far greater technical achievement than than any microchip…
I could go on and on down the line of advanced scientific instruments…advances in materials technology etc…
But what’s the point…?…it is quite clear to me that you haven’t the foggiest notion that any of these things even exist…
Of course ‘America ‘invented’ the modern world…that’s why they’re hitching rides to the space station…the core of which is Russian…on Russian spacecraft…and is why they’re launching their satellites with Russian rocket engines…
Like I said earlier…ever since the German Wernher von Brauhn…it’s been a downward ride for US in space technology…which no serious physicist or any other engineer or scientist in the world would argue is the most challenging human endeavor…
Btw…the Russian RD180 engines that the US is using to launch its satellites is a technology that American scientists had considered impossible…the efficient oxidizer-rich staged combustion cycle…
The Americans were never able to develop the materials science to stand up to the corrosive gas in the oxidizer-rich cycle…
Any researcher can look at the actual historical record.
With regards to the high pressure rocket engine it was Russia’s willingness to build, test, destroy, that allowed it to overcome technical difficulties. In America, you have engineers and scientists that throw it over the “wall” to technologists. So, that is a ding against Americans.
With regards to ring laser gyros, I was involved with some of the first ones that honeywell produced, especially fiber optic versions. Post WW2, the Soviets beat up their engineers because they couldn’t reproduce avionics like that made by Sperry. The ring laser gyro is not as sophisticated as the entire edifice of semiconductor industry, but instead is only one element within it. (We look at the doppler effect, with a frequency shift, to then determine angular displacement. )
With regards to small micromachines, this is silicon components etched onto a wafer. I have been involved with this as well, especially the removing of oxides to then release the silicon component. This is a very difficult area of semiconductor technology and should not be dismissed as simple.
With regards to single crystal turbine blades (GE) that is great technology, but has a lot of parallels to single crystal silicon creation. Single crystal silicon (grown at a face angle from a seed) was pioneered first by semiconductor industry.
Scanning electron microscopes, yes of course. Without them, semiconductors are not possible. You have to do defect reviews, and look at features to make sure you are getting what you want. It is part of the feedback cycle.
Flight simulators – my sister is a project manager for Lockheed simulators. Yes, I have flown them, and spent time with their engineers. The latest versions are using linear motors rather than hydraulics, so they are becoming simpler. Their complexity resides in the software code, not the machine.
Russia has plenty to be proud of in their own right.
Please close this whole conversation down now and take to the MFC. Stop the personal attacks as it breaks the moderation policy. Mod
Ok…so you are a career “electrician”…as we fondly refer to our brothers who flunk out of thermodynamics…
For me this is not about Russia vs US…you started unwinding with your immodest claims of ‘America inventing the modern world’…
For me this is about placing…accurately…where microelectronics technology fits in…in the wider sphere of human technical achievement…
Unfortunately…I doubt you will ever be persuaded that electricity is but one area of science…and that the march goes on…Tesla’s induction motor… the vacuum tube…transistor…the integrated circuit are one small part of modern technology…
Where is the science of energy in this make believe world of yours where everything revolves around electricity…?
I suppose the modern world would be just hunky dory were it not for the likes of Joule…Kelvin…Lord Rayleigh…Navier…Stokes…Avogadro…Mach…Prandtl…Zhukovsky…
We would all be happily chirping away on our iphones on our daily horse and buggy ride to work…?
But your blinders will never let you see that…
Naturally I am irked when you place the position of the transistor at the center of the universe…as in pre-Copernican astronomy…
The IC in the beginning was nothing more than a glorified transistor on a printed circuit board…
Today the techniques used in making these microelectronics have borrowed heavily from innovations made by others long before…
You talk as if the electronics industry invented chemical vapor deposition…rather than borrowing it from chemists…same for doping…same for optics…and on and on…
Do I really need to remind you that ‘If I have seen farther than other men…it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants…’
Saker, disgusting elites from my country India are bootlucking Americans and Israel is by ordering billions dollar worth of order for old American junk like f16 and Hercules transport plane and Israeli SAm.
Russia must not give to India s400 as Indians have become unreliable ally and will pass on the secrets to Americans.
Israel has just been given order worth 3 billion dollar for Short range SAM !.
India is shamelessly forging relationships with Russia’s arch enemy the United States; by allowing the U.S. to use Indian bases and now India is buying billions of more weapons from the United States than Russia; but here you are (Removed MOD. Insults are not permitted. If you want to get your comments posted,watch that. I edited it this time .But will have to send them for review if it continues) talking about ‘interests of India’. India has used Russia more than Russia has ever needed anything from India — from using Russia for the U.N. veto power to purchasing weapons. Russia has now realized how selfish India is!
Narendra modi now gives bribes to usa in form of immediate decisipn to buy spy infested american junk weaponary costing billions of dollars all within 2 years without any tender.
very sad indeed
Could this be the cause of the recent warming of relations with Pakistan?
A nice place to learn about Russia, business commerce, industry, the nation is
Also, on Russia 24 there are plenty of reports on industries, agriculture, innovation, machine building, etc.
Telekanal Zvezda is excellent for military news and developments.
Plenty of blogs and video blogs that can enlighten anyone who is truly interested, just be curious and you will see what a an Oversized “Gas Station” has to offer.
If Russia does not make it yet, just wait a while,
Russian industrial production value using GDP-PPP is some 20% bigger than that of Germany and over twice bigger than UK and France. But even those figures might be favoring western figures because their production are nowadays mostly small things with not much high tech. In reality only USA and China are bigger producers and have resources and capacity to do things while Germany, India, Japan and Korea are lacking either capacity or resources to do what Russia does.
I guess the fantasy of globalization and “free market works” have fooled media pundits, technocrats and politicians in west to forget some basic facts like – you have to have resources and educated folks + industrial production tradition to do things. Tinkering is too common in western countries nowadays. Germany and Japan faced during WW2 these limits. Their production was much more “craftsman tradition” – skillful, excellent quality many times but lacking large scale mass production like USA and Soviet Union did. In this perspective we must make final conclusion that e.g EU (and Japan and India) are quite limited powers.
It’s 1) China 2) USA 3) Russia…. this is the way world goes now.
I would like to see Russia expanding heavily in software, cloud services, YouTube-style video platforms, web hosting and such.
Millions in the occupied territories of the Western world would pay good money for secure alternatives to today’s CIA-owned internet infrastructure and services.
I am in the American cloud IT business and no American company is touching Russia.
Therein lies a fantastic opportunity. I would happily move to Russia to aid in managing a Russian cloud provider.
Yes, but the problem is Russia is too heavy handed with regards to intellectual property. Patents should be observed for 5 years not 20 years plus! The current IP laws being pushed via trade deals such as the TPP are only beneficial to the incumbent market leaders who are preserving their dominance at the expense of innovation and competition. Why is Russia supporting and enforcing these silly, draconian “Life-Time” IP rights, as well as expensive bureaucracy ridden patent application processes? Continuing to do so means that the opportunity to encourage young start ups locally and attract new ventures from around the world is going to remain very difficult.
The opportunity for Russia should be to attract High Technology start ups who can base themselves in Russia and avoid the expensive hurdles of patents & other IP barriers – critical at the start up stage. Such companies could do all the R&D using local talent and build production scale by leveraging the reasonable domestic market and those of neighboring China etc… Meanwhile the supply chains and talent pool in Russia is growing fast! Once the scale is in place for such enterprises and products market proven, these companies can simply negotiate patent payments and begin exporting to the west.
Imagine if Russian laws protected artists with a more reasonable view regarding ‘creative commons’… Russia would attract YouTube level content on gigantic server farms very quickly. Indi Music and game development studios would flock to Russia because it has a good educated labor market, is cost effective and in reach of frontier markets as well as being close to old European markets too…
i agree with super bunny,
as an it grunt with privacy concerns, there is the need for a safe data haven. rid from encumbrances and stupid patents and ip rights laws (pirate party ftw)… someone will enventually fill the void, russia right now does not fill the place
Indy music (done to Old School standards of songwriting and musicianship) potential in Russia and China is huge, I’m looking into this myself and never hear musicians and artists in my country talk about it. What you all say about computer tech is equally applicable to people who create content who are tired of dealing with a dull, ossified, hari-kari brain dead “music industry”. What you say about the cloud applies to anything potentially beautiful that people might want to access in the cloud. And I just don’t see the innovation and new energy coming from the FANG corps and their minons. Put another way: Is it worth my time to talk to RT/Duran/Russia1, or a near-dead local newsweekly? There’s no contest. If you’re someone in the US with anything to say, the interest and energy is coming from the east, not west, these days, no way round that, whether you’re producing a documentary film or record an album of non-zombified, non-Hollywood music. Huge potential here.
. Patents should be observed for 5 years not 20 years plus! The current IP laws being pushed via trade deals such as the TPP are only beneficial to the incumbent market leaders who are preserving their dominance at the expense of innovation and competition.
It is 20 years only if you pay the fees. Otherwise, the patent is released to the general domain.
Patents are a carve out in the law, to allow rents. Rents are the taking of unearned income. The idea is that the intellectual property is to gain rents to benefit the risk taking inventor. 20 years is enough of a life cycle for a domestic industry to mature. The life cycle includes the middle class, who in the trenches of industry, learn and refine. In this way their labor value redounds to them.
By changing patent law, from first to patent – has bypassed garage type independent inventors. This is another reason why american origination patent production is not increasing. New industries are not being formed in america outside of the angel investor, banker type VC investor scenario. This means that America is on a downward slope.
Russia, with a five year patent cycle – that would be an attempt to usurp American patents. Also, if it is Russian invented technology, five years is not long enough to mature an industrial cycle.
America lost its solar cell technology, and all China had to do was emit Yuan loans, and then attract American researchers. Later the loans were forgiven, and the now Chinese solar cell company became very efficient, and low debt.
The original America (see Hudson’s book – America’s protectionist takeoff) economic system is something Russia should copy if they want to be successful. This includes tariffs to protect home grown industry, it includes Sovereign investment to build up infrastructure and desired industry, it involves building up the commons, and investing in labor skills. America did just fine under its original patent laws, which were first to invent if there was a challenge.
Russia is a continental country with all the resources it needs, it can get economy of scale on its own. It can also attract high IQ foreigners, which is a cheap way to import technical know-how, especially if these people are used as professors at university.
unless cryptography and proxy no software could get you out of a taped hardware.
So how would you do it ?
Say you want to protect the anonymity toward youtube. So people can watch video without being spy.
You could create a key for that video so it’s being transferred encrypted then once cia have that key they could apply to your content and see what you looked. (still that will require more work for them).
You could create a key per session, so that each people starting to load a video have a new key on the fly. This would work and would be the more secure but require the site that provide the video to do the mechanism.
Alternatively you have what we call proxy via vpn or else. You make a computer x located in a tierce country connect to youtube download the video and transfert to you encrypted. Acting like a front. You just need to found a reliable front.
USSR used to produce a lot more than RUSSIA and the soviet economy was almost economically
self – sufficient. Soviet International trade was also at low levels as most soviet trade was conducted with COMECON members.
The end of the Eastern Bloc/COMECON and the dissolution of USSR caused disruption and destroyed the links between the various producers, consumers, factories and markets. In the 1990s, there was a significant drop in trade (between Russia and Eastern Europe) and a drastic fall in production and GDP levels.
Privatisation also destroyed numerous Russian industrial and consumer industries. State industries of huge value and importance were sold off for peanuts to various shady private investors. These oligarchs proceed to transfer billions of assets in tax havens and did not invest in the Russian economy.
Russia also opened to foreign investors and foreign trade. Multinational corporations took some control of the Russian natural resources, bought real estate and set up various businesses. Russian producers faced foreign competition as foreign imports increased.
But the good thing is that Russia remains not integrated into the global economy. Even though Russian government made a serious mistake and joined WTO (a few years ago), Russia remains more sovereign than most other countries. Western sanctions are beneficial too as it gives incentives to revitalise internal production.
A lot of things need to be done. Stolen state property needs to be re-nationalised. Policies that increase self sufficiency at all levels need to be implemented. The Russian central bank needs to be restructured and become nationally oriented. And the Neoliberals who control finance and economic policies should be replaced by economists of a more sovereign/social orientation.
I don’t think the Russians are smart enough to understand why Russia should become 100% self-sufficient:
“To repeat ourselves, the greatest threat that Russia faces is not sanctions but the incompetence of its neoliberal economists who have been thoroughly brainwashed to serve US interests.”
An immovable object and an irresistible force wrapped in an enigma that is a Russian doll?….otherwise known as a class act you lot. Well done.
Just wishing you weren’t so far away to visit, but another craft you excel at is film&video, so I’ve watched many quality clips of your faraway places. Also I’ve loved your music and cinema in like forever as they say. Thank you for being here.
Yes, yes, yes, this is what I want to see Saker, facts about Russian manufacturing and analysis. You can post a ton of these pieces I’d read em all.
Also Russian weapons vs US or EU and russian simplicity – post it!!
People have a craving for Russian documentary’s translated in English, wars in Afghanistan, Chechnya etc etc…facts not BS from MSM.
Shame that none mention – V O D K A !!!
A Pure Slavic invention.
Wrong, vodka is italian invention, it was import to Russia until Peter the Great learned to drink it during his apprenticeship in Western Europe and intoduced it (even forced it) to Russians. During the times of Ivan the Terrible vodka was used only to clean wounds, not as a drink. Generally, alcohol and tobacco were forbidden in Russia before Peter the Great.
Regarding technological products made in Russia, a useful way of getting a grip of where a given country stands and to compare it with others is to look at exports. OECD data are to be found here: http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/rus/
Russia – population 144 M – exported goods and services in 2014 for 449 B$, of which 21.7 B$ was technological (total of categories Machines, Transportation and Instruments)
For comparison, Romania – population 20 M – exported goods and services in 2014 for 71 B$, of which 31.5 B$ was technological (same categories). Look up http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/rou/
That is, Romania, which is far from being among the most noted technological exporters, exports significantly more technological products than Russia, in spite of having only 1 / 7th the population.
Obviously Russians are free to export their products on the global market, just like Chinese, Europeans, Americans, etc. There is a reason why Russian technological exports are so tiny, and it’s not any barrier to trade. It’s the low competitive position of these products relative to other industrial nations.
Exceptions are weapons, aerospace products and nuclear reactors. Very visible ones, but they weigh little compared to a whole economy – refer to OECD data above.
Romania has benefitted hugely from German investment and expertise in a number of fields, most particularly hi-tech manufacturing during the past decade. Having said that, Romania is open for business in a way that Russia is not, sanctions notwithstanding. The picture is rather more complex than is presented in this article.
As you say Romania has about 20 M and Russia – 144 M population. Diferrence in internal market. Russia can produce and sell in Russia, Romania needs to export.
Russia’s imports in those same three categories of Machines, Transportation and Instruments totalled 140.6 B$ in 2014 (refer to same link as above).
That is, Russia’s technological imports were 6.5 times larger than its exports.
For industrial countries which have encountered noted difficulties of late, that factor is more like 1.5 for the USA (1006 B$ / 656 B$) or 1.0 for France (245 B$ / 243 B$)
For industrial powerhouses, it’s their technological exports which are larger than their imports, by a factor of almost 1.7 for Germany (768 B$ / 462 B$) and more than 2.2 for China (1272 B$ / 575 B$)
Russian industry is much farther behind the USA or France than those countries are behind China or Germany.
Exceptions, again, being weapons, aerospace products and nuclear reactors, which are politically important because they are necessary for independent defense, but weigh relatively little compared to the whole of the economy.
True, Russians were stupid to destroy Soviet union, but even before that in the late 80’s they destroyed the common economical Eastern European structure СИВ under the myth of Russians “feeding” everyone else. It is going to be difficult if not impossible to recover when they claim that their only allies are the army and the fleet. However, the internal markets are not to be discounted.
Romania only serves as a host to provide cheap labor that is being exploited by Western corporations. It does not own the factories or technology. Its own industry was destroyed by NATO puppet regimes like in allmost all East European countries. Western corporations hate any competition.
Under Western pressure Romania has surrendered its sovereignty to EU/NATO and de facto is a German colony like during WW2. It is even ruled by a German president.
Rumania, beside providing cheap slaves, is also a market for crappy overpriced western products (even higher than in the west), while having the lowest salaries in the eu.
Ponta would be more yank oriented, as his first trip after being nominated as prime minister was over the pond, to get his orders.
The Gauleiter just lost, by final decision of the court, the second of his seven houses/apartments, which was acquired for peanuts with falsified documents. It stings because in the last 15 years he got about 330000EUR from Raiffeisen as rentfor it, which he now has to return to the state – let’s see if the fiscal authorities will execute him… as the rest of the average Ion (that Joe in Rumania).
Ambassadors, you forgot ambassadors, Russia is good at producing them, priceless, you can’t get them in the west.
Thanks Scott – great stuff.
I was watching a programme last week about how NASA couldn’t create an international space station and it was only on the collaspe of the Soviet Union that they started to build relations with Russia and were allowed to use the use Soviet space station. They also had real problems creating the engines for space exploration. How Hollywood has decieved many on NASA…….the truth is Russia has always led in Space – and continues to do so.
So if they can’t build a space station in 1990s. How did they land men on moon in 1960s.?
Simple…they no longer have a Wernher von Braun…
Wonderful collection from Scott as usual. I will look into each of them in detail for sure. Keep up the good work. A strong Russia will be the guarantor of a multi-polar world.
Thanks, ladies and guys, for your comments.
I want to make this technology and manufacture sitrep a permanent feature, because so many things are happening.
Ask me questions about products and industries.
Make sure to click on every link, I found photo galleries with stunning images, made by professional “industrial” photo journalists, rather than offering you articles to read.
Dear Scott thanks for all your posts.
God bless all good people of this world.
You have to know that many of us, the invisible ones,
love you and appreciate Saker’s efforts.
I would love to see more on electronics, computer tech and software.
Thank you very much Scott. I always enjoy reading your contributions.
Many Thanks Scott.
I would love to see pictures/sitreps about the china/russian OBOR.
Pipelines gas and water, railways etc
Nice overview, Scott! I’ll add to it this recent Sitrep from Patrick Armstrong. In it, he compares the Russian economy with that of Germany and Canada, and argues that GDP comparisons are not only misleading, but worthless.
OT, but his most recent article, “NATO Would Probably Lose a War Against Russia” is a good read, too. (He’s a former Canadian diplomat, when he refers to “his career”)
Russia is now the biggest export of wheat the non gmo kind.
Nice summary and the comments add much as well – thanks to comments too~!
About the “most complex” – it’s a matter of complexity with a cpu, but where is the turbine in a cpu? Ah! The cpu can only compute, and it’s necessarily small, dense – otherwise it would be slower…
A submarine…well now…how many cpu’s on a sub? Right…
Maybe the cpu masses a 100 grams…and the sub? Right. How many megatons of latent power in a cpu?
And let us examine the complexity of the rocket the sub carries, and the gps, GLONASS, inertial systems all through just about everything – Who here has been aboard a submarine in commission, or even a museum boat? I have been, though I am not qualified, far from it – was merely a guest a few times…and it was a diesel… but! One look and “complexity” acquires a new meaning…
All of this built in Russia, by (mostly) Russian men and women…
If you build submarine and modern rockets and the R181 motors and more, man, you can build anything. Anything at all.
Much the same may be said of the Chinese, the Japanese, The Indians.. and the Germans, even the French! But Ivan builds the best, just now. Used to be the Germans, and they’re close. But of course no one is murdering their people, they are not at war…so they can be lazy.
There never was any argument in my mind…I’ve spent my life building complex stuff, working alongside men and women who also built complex stuff. I’ve worked on complex machines from all of these sources and can gauge the quality. The Soviet stuff was as good as it needed to be, little more, but rugged and easy to maintain. It was also frugal, not cheap, but relatively inexpensive to make. The American stuff? I have nothing to say beyond ya gotta work with what ya got…and it tends to be very pretty.
I expect that the nice fellas down at the NATO shop are about to learn just how good Ivan builds.
That’s going to be rude!
I wish everybody would just quit, go home, get drunk, and chill out – but I think we’re about to see the proofing of Ivan’s little projects… And I expect they’ll work pretty well. I sure hope none of his gadgets finds our little river village town…well, here there are no targets to speak of…that’s hopeful…
Russia is a very advanced country, only russophobic zombies are incapable of acknowledging this fact. Some of the best laser tech is also developed in Russia. The list can go on and on…There is only one thing that Russia never bothered to develop – design skills. I mean the kind of design-art that is uniquely Russian and yet can be pleasing to those who were aesthetically brought up with western tastes in mind. I think Peter The great was the first one to see it but instead of encouraging Russian artists, he just brought in Western architects that did a great damage to the innate, Russian sense of beauty. Then Bolsheviks destroyed and distorted whatever was left. The new business center in Moscow is just another globalist village that has zero Slavic spirit in it -very distasteful, vacuous and cold.
Only Mazda there???
Did you import all your veicles?
Russia as Brazil lost the last 3 decades of electronic stuff to build. Zero factory.
Brazil with its peculiar ignorance tried to buy production facilities using money but this industry doesn’t work like this since the lines of production are constantly changing.
The key factor is be close to research centers and own a company TO profit.
Russian military complex can build anything but somehow the society lost the contact with this new tech and it is not part of the civil companies.
If there is a gap it can be exploited!
And the gap is real!
M-B is building a plant there and will done in 2019 and employ 1000 people. Nissan is just finishing engine plant there also.
the best laboratory foods
the best disease causing vaccines
the best liars
the best warmongers
the best money wasting defense estab
the best worst ambassadors
the best intellectual lemmings
the best bootlicks
neither russia nor china can come close
Interesting that there’s a company producing “classic cars”. Cars now-a-days look like such piece-of-junk tupperware bins. The Russia car made to sell in Germany looks awful too. They got some british dweeb to design it. There’s your first problem. Unless you want boiled meat and tea biscuits, don’t let the british in the kitchen.
There’s the little matter of the MGA, MGB, the Austin Healey 3000, the Triumph speed twin and clones – the Ariel square 4, the spitfire, the comet, the whittle engine,,,,Yes, it is true that there were bits falling off most of the time, but the were beautiful bits – and of the finest British Quality!
I grant that standards have fallen since those grand days…alas. Ever since they lost the colonies it’s simply been downhill…
Do Russian government employees use Windows 10? Do they use Microsoft OneDrive for storing data? When a Windows 10 user logs in from anywhere on this planet, the operating system automatically contacts Microsoft and provides login details – including the exact location where the login occurred.
Forget spying on the Russian government. All the US intelligence agencies need to do is get the data from Microsoft. Apple has a similar setup. Trump is now president, but the Patriot Act (now called by another name: USA Freedom Act) is still in force.
Kaspersky Labs might offer a secure OS for embedded systems, but what good is that for other devices such as PCs, Macintoshes, iPads, and cell phones?
Think about all of the American products that are in the marketplace. Often, product improvements are the result of discoveries by the US military. Catherine Austin Fitts once stated that Silicon Valley quietly gets new ideas from DARPA, and such secret programs are covertly funded by CIA drug money. When is Russia going to set up a system where military technology is used in its consumer products?
Russians would do well to allow German companies and German citizens favored nation status for trade, investment, and immigration. Would Germany be willing to leave NATO and the EU if Russia were to make an irresistible offer. When Peter the Great wanted to modernize Russia, he turned to the Germans (and not the French, Italians, British, etc.). It is no accident that St. Petersburg was set up as the “Window to the West.”
I was watching a George Galloway video a few months ago and the subject was the EU. One of the guests said why can’t Russia join the EU? The response from the the other guest was: No way, Russia is too vast, too big, it would swallow the EU. I always heard Russia’s economy was the size of Italy. I knew that couldn’t be true though. Does anyone know what the size of Russia’s economy is? Oh btw, what about tires? I bet they have some big tire factories over there.
Very informative, Scott, thank you!
Thanks Scott. Here is a link to the turbine manufacturer for the big hydro projects on the Angara and Yenesei rivers: http://www.power-m.ru/en/ They have quite a diverse catalog in power generation and heavy equipment.
The zionazi world domination madness continues under the tuppence regime. The zionazi-nazi delusional dream of real first strike capability is right on track. Guess who the oligarchs want to pay for this govno.
Trump Calls START a ‘Bad Deal,’ Vows to Boost US Nuclear Arsenal
“On Thursday, President Donald Trump announced that the US needs to build up its nuclear arsenal after having “fallen behind on nuclear weapon capacity.”
“I am the first one that would like to see everybody–nobody have nukes, but we’re going to fall behind any country even if it’s friendly country, we’re never going to fall behind on nuclear power,” Trump said during a Reuters interview.
A world without nukes would be “wonderful, a dream,” the President said. “But if countries are going to have nukes, we’re going to be at the top of the pack.”
The US underwent a massive nuclear weapons modernization program under President Barack Obama, specifically designing smaller, “precision” nukes. The “focused, targeted strikes” featuring a controlled blast-radius could make nukes more tempting to use, which has sparked concern among military analysts, as Sputnik reported.
The Congressional Budget Office reported in February that the US is on pace to spend a cool $400 billion over the period between 2017 and 2026. This total is “$52 billion more than CBO’s 2015 estimate for the 2015-2024 period, largely because modernization programs will be ramping up,” the agency said.
During the interview, Trump said that the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, signed by the two foremost nuclear powers Russia and the US, said it was a “one-sided deal.” “Just another bad deal that the country made, whether it’s START, whether it’s the Iran deal…we’re going to start making good deals,” the President exclaimed.
Analysts point out that the US has undertaken a three-decade, $1-trillion nuclear-modernization program that the already-strained US budget cannot afford.
“There’s talks of a lot more than that,” Trump hinted, regarding the missile defense program. “But it’s a very dangerous situation.”
Of course museums, art, and music – much could be added. Nice photo journals of the helicopter transmission and locomotive plants. At the helicopter plant I was interested to see the various equipment – fancy CNC and fabrication machines from the Czech Republic as well as Swiss and British equipment. Also some in-house designed specialized equipment.
Hadn’t paid attention to the “Alligator” design before with its stacked rotors and thus lack of tail rotor. Quite a complex bit of hardware required for that – twin turbine power to counter-rotating main blades.
Seriously, no mention of the T-50 aircraft or the T-14 Armata afv family? WTF? Both are without match in their respective fields.
If this toss doesn’t bury the zionazi business insider govno merchants, I don’t know what will.
Russia’s New T-50 Fighter Still Can’t Compete With The F-35
Nothing can compete with F-35 simply because there is nothing to compare about. F-35 is yet to start flying without any problems. The biggest failure of the century in military field. Tens on billions of dollars wasted on bogus product.
For the F-35 lemonjet, it all depends on your point of view . Those tens of billions of dollars were not wasted, just diverted into the welcoming hands of lobbyists, retired military ‘experts’ and other assorted parasites, the MIC and Lockheed Martin employees and shareholders. The F-35 is not a bogus product -it is an incomparable financial instrument.
Just look at the Lockheed Martin stock price which was under $20 in January 2000 and is now $266, an ROI of 1,330 % -isn’t that alone worth starting a nuclear war over? Surely everyone will agree?
As far as the ‘biggest failure of the century’, well, sorry but the F-35 has long passed the ‘too big to fail’ threshold. Pass that public hat around and make sure you shake down those foreign vassal countries..
f-35 is a dream come true money funnel to israel
It is amazing to see today so many in the world working against the interest of their nation and their people. The reasons must be they are buying into the NWO thinking one world government will benefit nations, it s also a threat coming from US.
German Retiree Travels Over One Mln Kilometers in Soviet ‘Moskvitch’
“German pensioner Gerhard Schott has traveled over one million kilometers in his Soviet “Moskvitch” made in 1976, according to German website tag24.
Even after four decades of friendship, “Mossy” has never let its owner down. Schott has only had to change the engine once and the car continued to work faultlessly.
Although, nowadays “Moskvitch” is considered an exotic vehicleby German standards, during the Soviet times many Germans preferred to drive Soviet cars due to their high quality. Schott, in particular, noted he is pleased that the car consumes little fuel: only 10 liters per 100 kilometers.”
Yes, civilisation has ended all over the world. As Nicolàs Gomez Dàvila wrote:
“Man no longer knows how to invent anything that does not serve to kill better or to make the world a little more vulgar.”
To believe that Russia is a bulwark of humanistic culture, somewhat different from the money/technology-driven West is delusional. Civilisation is over, we are just turning into machines.
Belief may be delusion indeed – what else is a belief but a delusion?
But the contest on global scale now ongoing is precisely between humanity and evil – and Russia is the redoubt of the Eastern Popes…half of Christendom is sunk into sodomy – from what other source than the East can humanity gain?
Even J2P2 had to admit that ‘salvation will come from the East’. I only hope he did not mean Lech Walesa and Poland.
Last but not least: Russia also “produces” noticeable mental illness among Pindos and Euro-trash. Not that their mental sanity would look particularly good even without Russophobia, but as matters develop they will be soon banging their heads against a solid brick wall screaming “Russia made me do this”.
Sorry if this is a stupid question but I have read elsewhere on the internet that Russia have difficulties in finishing off som warships (Frigattes?, spelling) because they lack the enginest hat was built in Ukraine prior the coup there. Didn´t they also build engines for ICBMs, choppers, and rocket Engines as well? Is this solved or is it just FAKE NEWS from western media as usual?
One important point: Because Russia never participated in Globalist Free Trade, Russia NEVER LOST its own industries and skills. America voluntarily gave up large segments of electronics and appliances and domestic goods to China and Japan, losing the factories and skills for those industries. Russia continued making all of those things through the ’70s and ’80s, with a brief break in the ’90s when Soros unsuccessfully tried to destroy Russia.
If Trump really wants to rebuild American industries, many of these skills will have to be redeveloped from scratch. Won’t be easy. Russia doesn’t need to redevelop them.
The use of GDP is worthless to evaluate an economy or to compare different economies.
1) GDP does not take into account the value of home production. For example, areas with significant wine production for home use will have a lower GDP than areas which produce and sold wine in the market. Home meals are not measured, but restaurant meals (which are significant in western economies) are measured into GDP. Commercialised economies report higher GDP than more traditionalist ones with significant home production . People in precapitalist societies could still have, produce, and consume many of these products (e.g wine, foods, clothes etc) but it is not reported into GDP as there is no monetary transaction and sales, they are produced for home consumption or exchanged with other home products ( e.g 2 ltrs of wine for 1 kg of fresh fish).
2) gdp doesn’t measure the quality of production. For example, economy A consists mainly of restaurants and bars and economy B has fridge and car factories. They may have similar value of GDP but they are far different economies.
3) GDP doesn’t take into account technological innovation. Let’s say that Country A and country B produce laptops and have similar GDP. The laptops produced at country B are technologically superior, but it’s not reported into GDP.
4) GDP per capita does not measure how income is distributed.
Russian microphones are superb, affordable, and diverse enough for all of the recordists studio needs. Oktava ribbon on the guitar cabinet; Oktava condensor on the overheads for drums, actually, make that two. The Lomo stuff is highly sought-after works of Soviet art. I once a/b-ed a $1200 Royer (USA) versus a $400 Oktava ribbon on my 59 Fender cabinet (the latter a beautiful example of what “made in America” used to be)… The Royer stayed in the mic locker.
Military and Music tech share a curious intertwined history. From Neumann in Germany, to EMI using the German tech V72’s in the consoles that the Beatles used at Abbey Road, to Fairchild (mil and a very famous compressor) in the USA, to the Shure Brothers 57, a lot of the tech of recording was originally for broadcast or mil applications. The UK is of course famous for the recording consoles that defined so much beloved music of the seventies, and a recording technique of commiting eq to tape rather than fixing things later in the mix. Interestingly, the beloved computer audio of today is largely sold as imitations of the actual physical stuff that worked so well. Anyhow I highly recommend anything that Oktava or Lomo ever made. The new Oktavas are great too. It has to do with the manufacture of the ribbons and capsules, which AFAIK the Russians never stopped producing. Also the new Soyuz microphone. Recording engineers use these mics every day. Like the Russian part of the ISS, these mics are built to take punishment, have charm, and sound good which means the engineer can spend less time picking the mic and focus on what matters, the music.
Every country’s recording tech has its own charm and quality, but the Russian microphones that appeared in the 2000s enabled people who weren’t rich to make audio of a very high standard.
I think Lomo is making a nice little mic with interchangeable capsules these days for a very reasonable price. Just no-nonsense, sensible design. Sorry, musicians can rant about these things.
p/s I actually _like_ the look of the new Russian vehicles and also the super-duper-charming two speed Trabants from the DDR. Like the mics above, the have attitude, and are something other than the flabby bloated vehicles that all look the same.
I haven’t seen in a list some other Russian products, such as:
– civil engineering – bridges, roads, railroads, houses, stadiums, dams, harbours, oil tanks, silos
– mining machinery & equipment,
– oil and gas exploatation, transportation & industry
– raw materrial -//-
– heavy industries
– space technologies
Lego used to be a great toy for kids. In recent times it has changed and instead of being building blocks which a child can use to create new things, it has become sort of snap-together model, where you perhaps assemble a Batmobile.
A Russian inventor has created something like the original Lego, but instead of connecting blocks on two sides like Lego does, the Russian version has blocks which can connect on all six sides, it’s great!
I know of a toy where pieces do not have to be blocks but can be of any shape or size, and connect in virtually unlimited ways, it can be obtained in most any color you want, and it is nether patented nor expensive. It’s called modeling clay.
An example of Russian vs american thinking put into practice.
Russian Developer Creates Unique Construction Kit as an Alternative to Lego
“These details enable the creation of advanced constructions as they can be attached to each other on all sides. By contrast, Lego parts can only be attached on the top or on the bottom, which significantly limits the design possibilities.”
Very nice article.
Personally, I was particularly impressed when I read about the “Caspian monster”, or ekranoplan (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lun-class_ekranoplan), a technology that has not been replicated to this day by the West.
Even more impressive was the fact that the Soviets built a space shuttle, the Buran (http://www.buran-energia.com/bourane-buran/bourane-desc.php), quite similar to the US ones, but… remote controlled! They launched it unmanned in November 1988, did a couple of revolutions around the earth, landed it safely and then considered it to be too expensive for its benefits (particularly since the USSR was already going bankrupt). This was a lesson the Americans learned after building 1+5 of those, spending NASA’s budget on a luxurious dead-end (like the F-35…?), leaving them dependent on Russian rocket engines today.
The Buran had several improvements over the Space Shuttle, the most prominent of which was that the massive Energia rocket supported ALL the payload during take-off, leaving the Buran itself with a much lighter engine whose sole purpose was maneuvering in space an during landing. In comparison, the Space Shuttle was stuck with a huge engine that was useless once in space (http://www.buran.su/buranvssts-comparison.php).
Finally, the scientific importance of the USSR’s collapse was important to the West, as it “liberated” military-grade material that was stored in hangars in the former Soviet Republics (such as high-frequency radar sources) the likes of which were inexistent in the West. These were sold off in the black market to the West and then reverse-engineered.
I really don’t get it. Why does Russia, or for that case any country or society, should start listing out their achievements just because certain section of media/population chose to be ignorant? This shows inferiority complex IMO.
Do you think this helps in anything – that West will accept Russia as a path breaker in technology?
Fact is – work speaks a volume. It is not that US media doesn’t know that Russia is one of world leader in technology -they simply chose to ignore it to fulfill their own agenda. Same way Asia and Africa will remain 16th century savages – even if many US cities fare poorly to their Asian counterparts.
West needs to keep its people pacified – what better way to tell them that rest of world is still a jungle and they should be happy what their govt is giving (or not giving).
this list is SO under incomplete
both here , on globalresearch ca or elsewhere
i know so many shipyard gas turbine jet prod engines plants rakete uboot auto und armoured vehicles space kosm satellite chemical und spatial missiles both military and also rka , else
Russia was always for Mother Russia! Without immigration Russian population increasing, because what ever harmful for the human body not allowed, including Microwave. Laziness, spoiled not existing in Russia. Russia takes pride of it . Education with high quality famous in Russia. Russia employs his population, does not import cheap labor. Quality and precision work made by Russians. Discipline enforced.
America so proud just be America by allowing it to slip away. Blind prides produce losers.
Russia does not have colonies.
Russia fought defensive wars most of her history.
As I see, the result is, that God blesses Russia! And yes, Russians did not Godless like Americans. In Russia Religion not business. It is a way of life.
Russia in the early 1980s was reported purchasing IC chip fabricating machines, one of them is an oxidation machine component of a stepper. From that humble beginning they understood too well on how to design and make their own IC chip making steppers and silicon foundries. The 1990s almost made Russia lost them of their newly designed and locally manufactured steppes and silicon foundries and their ancilliary supporting industries which the KGB has quietly preserved and mothballed and stored and kept hidden away from a corrupt Post Soviet government, especially the Boris Yeltsin the drunkard administration of the 1990s. The coming into power of President Putin is the right time to release them for MILITARY and top government facilities USE ONLY. The question remains to be asked is when they will be released for civilian use, which is still a no, no, no, no, no for if foreigners got their hands on these chips then they will know what kind of indigeneous Russians designs were developed which will expose their secret military IC chip designs. The existence of high-tech Russian military hardware means they contain a lot of MILITARY IC CHIP DESIGNS, the challenge is to design an indigeneous CIVILIAN IC CHIP DESIGNS for civilian IT technology consumption needs.